Mukkudal the world known place
Mukkudal is about 20 KM from Tirunelveli the District Head Quarters, and road travel facility is available buses and private taxis are plying from Mukkudal to different directions every day . Beedi industry is the main Industry in this place and more branded Beedis are produced here and lot of people in many families in this place are rolling the beedi as traditional job and earning their money without any problem. The founder of Beedi business T.P.Chokkalal sent his son Hariram Sait to Mumbai for taking training of rolling beedi and its connected jobs, after his training he returned to Mukkudal and trained mukkudal people the technique of beedi rolling. At his age of 16 he took charge of their Beedi Company and produced 10,000 bags of Beedis and expanded their business to all districts in Tamilnadu during 1946 to 1950 and established their product in whole tamilnadu by opening many branches. After reaching his target in India he brought his product to Srilanka and other few countries and opened his office at Srilanka and established the trade mark. Once upon time T.P.Chokalal Beedi is the famous beedi in India and Srilanka and other countries for its quality and the founder of the company late Chokkalal and his son Hariram Sait are made the industry and record the place Mukkudal in world level and the followers of their relatives and community people are maintaining the industry in a better manner. The Chokkalal family contributed more welfare facilities to Mukkudal people and treated the people affectionately . Apart from this Industry more number of people is in teaching profession and contributing their effort and developing tomorrow’s better citizens. In Mukkudal and around places more Agriculturists and Building construction Masons and Milk vendors are earning income and developing their day-today life.
There are 15 wards with 15 councilors, 1 president and one vice president are representing the around 13,955 people of Mukkudal and looking after the necessary facilities for them. Recently the administrators converted all metal roads in to concrete road. The Public Works Department constructed a long bridge in Tamirabarani River at Mukkudal to link Mukkudal and Viravanallur for making the travel easy and for linking more surrounding villages..
ARULMIGU MUTHU MALAI AMBAL TEMPLE
In the beginning, the Goddesses MUTHU MALAI AMBAL temple situated in Kurangani the village at South West direction near Tiruchendur . The people of Mukkudal use to visit the temple during the last week of tamil month Aani and celebrate the festival in a grand manner. The looters belongs to Sivakasi watched and followed the peoples movement regularly and once looted the belongings of the people during their travel, from that incident the Mukkudal people refused to visit Kurangani temple.
One day a Dobby at Mukkudal river leave his Uvarsand Pot for his next day use.(the mud pot is used for the processing of cleaning and washing the cloths )( Uvar sand is the sand can be identified by the Dobbies only and very good for cleaning and brightening the cloths) . The next morning as usual he tried to bring back the pot for his work, but he was not able to lift the pot even it is a mud pot.
After this incident a gentleman from Mr.Senthil Nadar family from Mukkudal said that Muthu Malai Ambal appeared in his dream and told him that the Garuda will fly above the fields between Arasankulam and Ariyanagipuram , where you have to throw a lime above and the place in which the lime fell I will be available in that place as a statue form. Accordingly the people of Mukkudal found the statue of Ambal and built a temple and conducted the festival regulary at Mukkudal by offering animal sacrifice regularly. At Muthu Malaiamman and Periasamy temple of Mukkudal, animal sacrifice was withdrawn at the initiative of Shri D S Adhimoolam Nadar several decades back. This temple belongs to Hindu Nadar only, but all other community people are visiting the temple, festivals and become the devotees of the Ambal.
The first Temple Renovation was completed in 1937 by the committee headed by Sri D.S. Athimoolam . The second Renovation was completed in 1999 April 5th after 62 years by the committee headed by Mr.T.P.S.H.Amarnath Prabahar the Grandson of Late Sri T.P.Chokkalal and the Dynamic Beedi Industrialist Late Sri Hariram Sait, in the presence of Kanji Kamakoti Peedathipathi Jayandra saraswathi Swamyji.
It is proposed to conduct the 3rd and current Renovation during 2012, for which all preliminary renovation work is going on. The schedule of regular and festival poojafunctions are as under:
Ragu Kala Pooja will be performed in all Tuesdays and Fridays around the year
Every months Last Friday Thiruvilakku Pooja will be performed around the year
Every year during Aani Tamil month a major 10 days festival will be conducted
On the 10th day (Tuesday) festival will be celebrated in a grant and special pooja with annathanam to all devotees in the temple premises.
During the 10 days festival Nadar community people from different streets from Mukkudal will contribute their funds for poojas and annathanam , for each day function.
Every Pankuni tamil month Anusha natchathram, annual pooja and 1008 thiruvilakku Pooja will be conducted by sumangali ladies.
The special festival will be conducted during ThaiPoosam during Thai Tamil month.
Tamil Month Purattasi 10 days festival of Navarathri will be conducted regularly.
i. The Temple is situated on the bank of Tamarabarani and the temple premises is surrounded by more than 80 to 100 years old trees and making the premises cool around the year. This temple attracts more devotees and tourists every day by its atmosphere. The rivers THAMARABARANI + GADANANATHI + RAMANATHI joins here (sangamam) , hence this place is called MUKKUDAL. The saints in olden days told us in the history that Koodal is not only meant for marriage life alone, but applicable to rivers also i.e different rivers join(sangamam) in one place also called as Koodal. Many rivers are available in our country, but the sacred Thamirabarani River is a special in South Tamilnadu.
Devotees from different part of our state and other states are visiting MUTHU MALAI AMMBAL Temple in normal days and during the important festivals of the temple and pray the goddesses regularly. More number of tourists are visiting this temple.
Economy and Income
The main Economy and income of Mukkudal is in the hands of Beedi business people and beedi workers , about 90% of the employment opportunity is always available in the same industry without any difficult , so most of the family members from different age group are attracted by this industry and there is no need for them to move to other place for seeking employment . Apart from this Mukkudal is extended the beedi rolling job to many more villages and towns in Tirunelveli district and people from other places are also earning money through this job and maintaining their income.
There are 7 hospitals and 204 dispensaries throughout the country for the welfare of Beedi Workers. These hospitals are located in various states and we have one 30 BEDED CENTRAL HOSPITAL FOR BEEDI WORKERS in MUKKUDAL with its Regional Central at Hyderabad.
The following studies have been conducted to ascertain the health condition of the beedi workers in the country:
(i) A study on “A National Study on Beedi Workers- An Economic Approach” was conducted by Industrial Economics Division of Director General Factory Advice Services and Labour Institute, Mumbai.
(ii) Another study named “Occupational Health Hazards in women Beedi rollers inBihar (2010)”.
Mukkudal Central Hospital started in the year 1982 as a small dispensary with a doctor and a compounder for giving treatment to Beedi Workers. To upgrade the dispensary to a big hospital during 2001 the Govt.of India started the construction and during 2003 the same dispensary was made as 30 beded Central Hospital with more facilities. The present strength of the hospital is having 7 doctors, 10 staff nurses, 6 assistants, 2 administrative staff and 1 Ambulance and essential cleaning assistants Full fledged Laboratory, X-ray, ECG and Scan facilities are also available in this hospital.
At present an average of 30 to 35 patients are availing treatment as inpatients and 450 persons are availing treatment as outpatient every day. All inpatients are supplied hygienic food under diet chart according to their health. This is the only hospital available in Tamilnadu for Beedi Workers, and people around Mukkudal i.e from Tenkasi, Ambasamudram, Panagudi, Vickramasingapuram, Puliangudi and from more villages and towns in Tirunelivei districts and neigbouring district. The beedi workers are entitiled and eligible to avail the treatment in this hospital is only after submitting the necessary certificate and identity card issued by the employer along with the application. The health department connected to Beedi workers welfare providing more facilities for different type of treatments and other kind of help.
Thamirabarani ( One of the Angmam river in Mukkudal)
Name reason: and origin
Thamirabarani literally meant by many scholars as “Thamira” means “Copper“, and “parani” means “stream running down”. The soil rich in the copper which gives red color to the sand in the surrounding region and also the water has high content of Copper in this river.
In historical writings the river is mentioned as ‘Porunai nathi’. In olden days it is mentioned with other names as Tamiravaruni, Tampraparani.
In the slopes of Western ghats in the Annamalai range the river originates about 1500m above the sea level. It is in the Tirunelveli district of Tamilnadu,India. It originates near the peak of Chiramunji malai and Agasthiya malai.
Bana theertham near river origin
Soon after its origin about 40kms away it falls down and it is named as “Panna theertham”. After 16km it is stored in Papanasam reservoir.
The main tributaries of Thamirabarani river are Peyar, Ullar, Servalar, Pambar. These rivers joining the Thamirabarani and enriches the lands in the plains.
The next river which joins Thamirabarani river is Manimuthar, then followed by Gadananathi at Thirupudaimaruthur.
Near Tharuvai village, this river is joined by Pachaiaru.
The other most important river to join is Chithar which join Thamirabarani at Sivalaperi village. It gets a branch of river from the Courtallam hills.
The river drains about 4400 sq km area in Tirunelveli and Tuticorin district. And at last it joins the Bay of Bengal in the region of Punaikayal in Tuticorin district
The Tamiraparani originates from the peak of the Periya Pothigai hills of the Western Ghats above Papanasam in the Ambasamudram taluk. The great river like the Cauvery, but unlike most of the other Indian rivers, is fed by both the monsoons – the south west and the north-eastern and is seen in full spate twice a year if the monsoons do not fail. The Tirunelveli Sthalapurana associates the origin of the river with sage Agasthiyar. It states that when Agasthiyar was requested by Lord Siva to move to the South, Parvathi Devi, the divine consort of Siva filled the sage’s font meant to hold water for poojas (kamandala) with the water from the Ganges and on his arrival at Pothigai, he released it and the water ran as Tamiraparani. Prior to the bifurcation of the Tirunelveli district, the Tamiraparani was the only major river in Tamilnadu which had its source and end in the same district. After bifurcation, the river traverses the two districts of Tirunelveli and Tuticorin before joining the Gulf of Mannar of the Bay of Bengal at Punnaikayal in Tiruchendur taluk of Thoothukkudi district. this river is a famous in south india.
People and Culture
HariRam Sait - Promoter of Tamil Sangeetha Sabai and Sokkalal Higher Secondary School Tirunelveli - Mukkudal, Tamil Nadu,
Sokkalal Sangeetha Sabhai: Established in 1955 with the aim of providing learning opportunities in Tamil music and Carnatic music free of charge. Mandaikkaadu is a place near Nagercoil. There used to be an annual temple festival. Once, the business magnate and good friend and disciple (in music) of Bhgavathar, T.P.S. Hariram Sait of Mukkudal, Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu had arranged for the performance of a karnatic vocal music programme by Bhagavathar and Hariram Sait himself as a combined musical concert.
Kodai Vallal Karunauttiru Hariram Sait Commemoration Committee has an active interest to patronize several Tamil literary and Tamil music events that are difficult owing to lack of funds, and also in administering this kind act of theirs as a posthumous gift of the munificent patron of Mukkudal.
Mukkudal is famous for its Sarvadoya AgarBathies and Mukkudal Sarvodoya Javadhu Powder.
At Muthu Malaiamman and Periasamy temple of Mukkudal, animal sacrifice was withdrawn at the initiative of Shri D S Adhimoolam Nadar several decades back. Shri D S A Sivaprakasham, son of Adhimoolam Nadar, continued to serve the local public through involvement in politics.Nowadays has been changed their lifestyles.Infrastructure has improved and shops.Mukkudal municipality doing good work and providing water services.